How to write a Ghazal

How to write a Ghazal

I had already talked about what is a Ghazal in one of my previous articles. I talked everything about a Ghazal including its history, form, style, terms associated and its general characteristics. And today, I am here with another article where I will talk about how to write a Ghazal. In this article, I will be sharing the tips for writing a Ghazal.

A Ghazal is a combination of Beher (meter), Radeef, Kafiya, Matla, and Maktaa. All these terms are associated with Ghazal which I have included in my previous article. So, I won’t be wasting more time talking about them in this article. But if you really want to understand a Ghazal in a fine way, then you must study about ‘beher’ thoroughly.

So, let’s talk about how to write a Ghazal.

How to write a Ghazal- Tips

  1. Firstly, it is important to think about the theme, topic and the first line of a Ghazal. This line must include the refrain or the repeated phrase or a word. It must be or can perfectly fit into other lines and couplets easily. But if you write a Ghazal without a refrain, then also you need not bother about it.
  2. If you are writing a refrain-less Ghazal, then you need to concentrate on the last word or recurring word or the word preceding the last, the refrain. Think of a few rhyming words while writing a Ghazal. Pen them down them in alphabetical order on a piece of paper.
  3. After writing the first couplet, start thinking of other lines which you can add to the poem. Just do remember rhyming word preceding the refrain.
  4. Once, after adding a suitable line of the first couplet or the opening line, it is complete.
  5. Start thinking of using the same rhyme-refrain combination used in the first couplet in other lines or couplets of a Ghazal. Together, this forms the second couplet.
  6. Now, the next lines or couplets are easy. You just have to keep on repeating the whole process in order to reach the suitable number of couplets.
  7. If you wish to use your name or pen name in the last couplet (, then remember to use it in a suitable and perfect manner.
  8. Ensure of using the number of syllables and the meter. Your Ghazal is a poem which must be readable as a song. In Ghazal writing, remember that there is no place for blank or free verse. The favorite format of most of the Ghazal writers is 7-7, i.e. each line with 7 syllables. Writers can choose their own length and meter for writing a Ghazal, but that should be maintained in a perfect manner throughout.
  9. Remember that each couplet of a Ghazal must be in a unique and a complete grammatical unit.
  10. Lastly, remember that a Ghazal is NOT A POEM, but must be readable as a rhyming poem or a song. It is a conceptual poem which contains the couplets, string of beads and each couplet must be an independent poem. This particularly means that if the first couplet talks about pleasure, happiness or joy, then the next might talk about death, pain or sorrow. The major connection between the two couplets must be the continuous refrain and rhyme, but independently different themes and a poem. The essence of a Ghazal is the sorceress of words and the beauty of the theme. Some of the writers even write Ghazals in different couplets, but with continuous thoughts and themes.


  • Though all the tips mentioned above might look little mechanical and yes, they are too, but the mechanics are particularly important for the beginners. After writing large numbers of Ghazals, a stage comes when the writer doesn’t have to make any more rhyming or appropriate words to use and to suggest themselves. This is a particular stage when a writer becomes spontaneous in writing Ghazals in a free, but a structured flow.
  • Once, after knocking off in Ghazal writing, it is not at all difficult after writing few. Writing Ghazals is a satisfying as well as a fun and even become a craze, similar to that of filling crossword puzzles.
  • The opening couplet has its own importance because it sets the mood of a Ghazal, which is the structural mood. The rhyming words might be perfect or imperfect. Restricting of writing a Ghazal with a perfect rhyme limits the freedom of expression of the writer. Hence, writers can use imperfect rhymes too, but remember the most important thing that it must be included in the first, i.e. the opening couplet with imperfect rhyming words.

In a traditional form, Ghazal is a poetry of longing which is associated with the metaphysical questions or unattainable love including the illicit relationship of the lovers. And now, its boundaries have been broadened and can be also written in English as well.

If you want to know the difference between a Ghazal and a Nazm, then you can read it here.

So, this is all about how to write a Ghazal. If you have any knowledge or information which I have missed in my article and worth to mention here, then please do share with us in the comment section below. If you find this article helpful and worth to share with your friends, then don’t forget to share it on your social profiles.


  1. Hi Priya,

    Thanks for writing on Ghazal techniques. Really, it’s very useful to new buddies who are willing to write ghazals.